Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction made up of a stator covered with electromagnets, and a rotor composed of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the principle of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it developed by applying a three-stage current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current within the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that tries to check out stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are basic and rugged in structure. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors because of the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive environments as they don’t have brushes that may cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines meaning that the rotor will not turn at the exact same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator velocity is necessary to be able to develop the induction in to the rotor. The difference between your two is called the slip. Slip should be kept in a optimal range to ensure that the motor to operate effectively. Roboteq AC Induction controllers could be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode where a order causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Induction Motor voltage modify.
Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled in order to keep slip inside a narrow range while working at a desired speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Quickness and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
See this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and function.